This memo visualizes data used for Chapter 4 of my dissertation. This data was used to qualitatively categorize organizations according to service type, and was later used to obtain a category-wise list across districts in Shanghai.

Analysis Procedure

Basic Web Scraping and Word Detection

The analysis procedure included the following:

  • Web-scraping the official Shanghai social organization website which included information on the name of social organization, location, established date, activities, annual government reports that include supervisory organization, origin of funding at establishment, etc. The data set includes information on registered organizations up until March 11, 2017.

  • Reading the activities of the organizations to categorize organizations by activity. Except for categorization by MOCA, there is no proper categorization for those that are not categorized. I read activities of 100 organizations that were not categorized, and categorized these organizations accordingly. The categories in the data includes:

    • Six categories made by MOCA are elderly care, women and children, disabled, re-employment, poverty relief, legal

    • public service The former includes organizations that take on administrative roles, party-building, community governance, and social organization management.

    • public welfare Organizations that specifically mention public work (gongyi xiangmu) or public interest (gongyi). These three categorizes were created by finding organizations which mentioned the following word or words in their activities description.

    • migrant MOCA does not categorize organizations for migrant workers, so these were categorized separately. There was one caveat when conding migrant NGOs. Most of these organizations were non-profit schools registered under Ministry of Education. To leave out schools, I created a separate variable sup_org_ed which denotes organizations which have MOE as a supervisory organization. The charts below therefore displays NGOs that serve the migrant population leaving out schools for migrant children.

    • propaganda Organizations take on roles of propagating party-state policy doctrines

  • Create party affiliation category by using information on supervisory organization. Although having a party organization as a supervisory organizations does not imply direct affiliation nor being a direct subsidiary of a party organization (this is because, supervisory organization is needed for registration not for other purposes), yet the fact that having a party organization as a supervisory organization implies a connection.

  • Parsing annual reports. The annual reports included information on origins of funding and number of memebrs, where responses were categorized as “individual”, “self-financed”, “government”, and “all of above”.

Words Used for Categorization Based on Qualitative Reading

## [1] 学习和宣传人民代表大会制度;交流和总结人大工作经验;研究和考察地方人大工作实务。为人大工作制度化规范化建设发挥应有作用。(凡涉及行政许可的,凭行政许可开展业务活动。)
## [2] 社区工作者管理                                                                                                                                                        
## 3724 Levels:  ...
# public service organizations

# public welfare organizations

# organizations assist migrant workers

# propaganda